Tasks and Duties
- Analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, and geophysical information from sources such as survey data, well logs, boreholes, and aerial photos.
- Plan and conduct geological, geochemical, and geophysical field studies and surveys; sample collection; and drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research and/or application.
- Investigate the composition, structure, and history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, and classification of soils, minerals, rocks, and fossil remains.
- Prepare geological maps, cross-sectional diagrams, charts, and reports concerning mineral extraction, land use, and resource management, using results of field work and laboratory research.
- Locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, and mineral ore deposits and underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, and research and survey results.
- Identify risks for natural disasters such earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions, and provide advice on ways in which potential damage can be mitigated.
- Conduct geological and geophysical studies to provide information for use in regional development, site selection, and the development of public works projects.
- Inspect construction projects in order to analyze engineering problems, applying geological knowledge and using test equipment and drilling machinery.
- Communicate geological findings by writing research papers, participating in conferences, and/or teaching geological science at universities.
- Measure characteristics of the Earth, such as gravity and magnetic fields, using equipment such as seismographs, gravimeters, torsion balances, and magnetometers.
- Test industrial diamonds and abrasives, soil, or rocks in order to determine their geological characteristics, using optical, x-ray, heat, acid, and precision instruments.
- Develop applied software for the analysis and interpretation of geological data.
This project is supported, in part, by the National Science Foundation. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily the Foundation.